Black Swans are found throughout Australia with the exception of Cape York Peninsula, and are more common in the south.
They pair for life, with both adults raising one brood per season. Eggs are laid in an untidy nest made of reeds and grasses. The nest is placed either on a small island or floated in deeper water. The chicks (cygnets) are covered in grey down and are able to swim and feed themselves as soon as they hatch.
The Black Swan is a vegetarian. Food consists of algae and weeds, which the bird obtains by plunging its long neck into water up to 1 m deep. Occasionally birds will graze on land, but they are clumsy walkers. Black Swans need at least 40 metres of water as a runway to take off!
The Black Swan is the only entirely black-coloured swan in the world!